Observations on Kabul and the private security market
Private security contractors have been in news lately mostly due to the ongoing Blackwater saga from Iraq. Afghanistan has had its share of security contractor issues too but the market has never been as big or as wild as the Iraq PSC market. I cannot comment on Blackwater’s operations in Iraq but do know a few of their contractors working Afghanistan. They seem to be above average in the quality department and better yet (the ones I know) are on interesting contracts. The Blackwater country director is a former FBI agent who has been in Afghanistan a couple of years longer than I have. He is unquestionably one of the most knowledgeable Americans on Afghanistan and the current administration should spend time talking with him. Given the time he has spent in -country combined with the breadth of projects he has supervised there are few Americans who have is insight. The problem contractors in this country come in two flavors, local companies that are unable to perform and companies spawned by former Department of State officals or closely tied to US prime contractors. USPI, a Texas based company with all its corporate officers now under federal indictment is one example. The defunct, transparently corrupt World Services International (WSI) headed by Henry Wilkins is another.
I have only seen a group of wild international contractors, rifles pointed out all windows, screaming through downtown traffic like the more extreme Iraq crews, once and that was over two years ago. The international firms operating here are staffed with expats who, as a rule, have extensive in-country experience. They tend to move, some in hardened vehicles and some not, blended in with local traffic and obeying local traffic laws. That last remark is a joke there are no real traffic laws in Afghanistan just a number of unwritten rules revolving around perceived position vis a vis the bumper or quarter panel area of adjacent vehicles.
The good companies would sack international consultants immediately for conducting convoy operations which were out of sync with the local traffic. But there are convoys of large armored SUV’s which do drive at break neck speed around town aggressively blocking traffic, hitting vehicles which do not get out of the way fast enough, and being a general pain in the ass for all law abiding motorist and they belong to the United States Army. For the life of me I cannot figure out why it is that they continue to operate in Kabul as if they were on Route Irish back in 2005.
Kabul had changed dramatically since I moved to Jalalabad 14 months ago. The tension in the city is palatable. Old Afghan friends who were brimming with optimism back in 2005 no longer smile much or joke about when they too will visit Disney World in America. Mil blogger David Tate has a great post on being back in Kabul after a four year absence and he also has several posts detailing the misery of trying to move around the country as a reporter embedded with the military. I do not know David but find his observations spot on.
I awake every morning to the sound of multiple sirens peeling through the pre dawn chill. That is the newest technique of the American Army loud sirens to help alert traffic ahead to move out of the way. I hear those sirens all day long because both international and American military traffic has increased at least 10 fold in the past year. Convoy after convoy after convoy line the Jalalabad and airport roads all of them pointing guns at every vehicle or person who comes to close, all of them forcing traffic off the road in front of them, all of them looking every bit as stupid here as they would driving through Washington DC in a similar manner. Except now they have an abundance of SUV’s to add in the mix.
The other day I saw one of these SUV convoy’s (at least 8 vehicles) and in the middle was a large Expedition with an American flag placard in the left windshield and the two star placard of an American Major General in the right of the windshield. Is it me or is that not the most stupid thing you have ever heard? I am the son of a two star general I have very close friends who are about 5 years away from becoming two star generals. I know generals and guess what? They exist on a bell shape curve just like the rest of us. On the front end of the curve are generals like Mattis, Kelly and Allen (John Allen is probably the least known best general officer serving in the military today Inshallah he will gain more prominence in the near future) at the back end of the curve are generals nobody has heard of or knows much about but who wreak havoc on the morale of their subordinates. Somewhere near the back end is the idiot riding around Kabul today with a flag placard on his SUV to remind one and all that he is an important man. I hasten to add that my father was on the forward slope of the general officer curve too (having just been threatened by my Step Mom for ignoring this salient fact) despite his irrepressible sense of humor which will normally arouse suspicion from dour political appointees on high.
To what lengths do you think the Taliban (and their many associates) would go to kill an American General Officer? If my son had been tasked to be on this Major General’s PSD detail I would be tempted to deliver a stunning blow with the old clue bat just on general principal. There is not that much risk to armored SUV’s in Kabul but that is no reason to increase it dramatically by advertising that a general officer is contained therein.
We are supposed to bringing security and infrastructure to the people of Afghanistan. Yet when our military interacts with the people they do so at the point of a gun with full body armor, helmet, ballistic glasses, nomex special purpose fighting gloves (I have a pair myself because they do look cool,) ear plugs, etc And do you know what the people of Afghanistan think? They think our military men and woman are cowards. When the Soviets were here their troops would go out on the town after duty hours (unarmed) to patronize local restaurants, stores, tea houses, and bars. In Kabul, Jalalabad, and Mazar-e-Sharif the international community does just that today. The French restaurant in Kabul is the single largest taxpayer in the country that is how busy it is packed every night of the week save Sunday. You will see senior military types there drinking occasionally despite the ban on alcohol consumption by American forces. But the rank and file are restricted to large FOB’s and subjected to morale crushing micro management by a legion of senior SNCO’s and officers who all need to immediately give up the pecan pie and hit the gym. That last remark may sound a little snippy but I have struck out my last three times at an American DFAC on the pecan pie front so I’m lashing out a bit. I love pecan pie but never seem to make it into the DFAC early enough to score a slice.
I am starting to sound like a broken record and will end my critique of American convoy procedures with this observation if the current practice had once, ever, in the history of the Afghan conflict, worked at detecting a VBIED soon enough to engage it and prevent it from ramming our troops I would never bring the subject up. The only time a VBIED was detected and engaged before it struck friendly forces occurred last month in Kandahar but the Canadian troops involved were dismounted and it therefore is not a valid example of our force protection posture actually protecting our forces.
We have killed hundreds of innocent Afghans (and three internationals) because nervous, poorly trained soldiers thought that Afghans driving like normal Afghans (which would seem chaotic to the point of madness to the average international) were instead suicide bombers. Our troops would be much safer allowing the local traffic to mix in with them, getting used to the lunacy that is normal Afghan driving and concentrating on spotting vehicles displaying the classic “rule of opposites” signature which is used to sort out potential threats based on unusual behavior.
I would also like to add that all these armored SUV’s being sent into Kabul should be serviced, stuffed with a dozen pecan pies, and given to the Embedded Training Teams (ETT’s) who are out with the people in the districts doing the real counterinsurgency work. As is always the case in war it is the raggedy assed infantry doing the fighting at the front and getting the least when it comes to vehicles and pecan pie. They currently have old worn out armored Hummers and complain bitterly that the Taliban, local criminals, and even teenage boys in donkey carts can outrun them in the mountainous terrain of Afghanistan. The good gear and good rides should be given to the guys in the front who know how to use them without pissing off every Afghan citizen they come in contact with.
I am in Kabul filling in for the month for a friend who is home on leave. I’m working for one of the larger security companies as a “shooter” on a PSD team which is looking after business developers from the largest American firm working in Afghanistan. My co-workers (both Afghan and international) are fit, well trained, and very competent. My duties consist of escorting men around three or four offices in Kabul. Most of the people we escort have been here a long time. After working hours they jump in to unarmored beaters like mine to hit the town for a little night life. I have not asked but suspect all of them will tell you that having the lavish security they currently enjoy is overkill in Kabul. But what we think doesn’t matter the fact is that they are operating under contract from the US State Department and must conform to the security regulations in those contracts and the State Department requires their prime contractors to operate this way.
Is it stupid? You bet. Is it necessary? Absolutely not and today’s multiple small arm/suicide bomber attack in Kabul doesn’t change my assessment one bit. Is this your government at work? It sure is (if you are American) and the excessive secutiy driven overhead costs is the symptom of a large government machine which is not really serious about the mission in Afghanistan. Next time you see money being thrown around without serious thought or purpose behind it will be when the democrats inflict their new “stimulis” bill upon the people of America. I understand you have to be employed by a K Street lobbying firm to read a copy so who knows what the hell is in this damn bill.
Do you know what a National Coordinator of Health Information Technology is? Better learn quickly if you’re American because that is who is going to dictate to your doctor what he or she can or cannot do when treating you and your family. As noted in my last post even the UN is doing a better job at reconstruction in Afghanistan than our federal governmental agencies. But wait you say, “I thought the UN placed their personal health and comfort at the very top of their list of priorities.” Well, that is exactly the case the UN has not changed and they do spend a lion’s share of their money of their own health and comfortand yet they are still operating in Afghanistan for pennies on the dollar when compared to the official US Government agencies.
The people of Afghanistan are waiting for a little change they can believe in and it looks to be a very very long wait.